Conquering a Continent, 1854–1890

Answer question, 8-10 sentences, execept last two 10-15 sentences


NEED to be DONE absolutely by 23:00 (11:00pm ) pacific time


1.KEY TURNING POINTS: Identify two crucial turning points in the course of Reconstruction. What caused those shifts in direction, and what were the results?


2.How did the trans-Mississippi west develop economically in this era? What problems and conflicts resulted?

3.Why did U.S. policies toward Native Americans in this era result in so much violence? Why did armed struggle continue as late as 1890, despite the U.S. “peace policy” that was proclaimed in the 1870s?

4.THEMATIC UNDERSTANDING Review the events listed under “Peopling” on the thematic timeline. Between the 1840s and the 1870s, what distinctive patterns of racial and ethnic conflict occurred along the northeastern seaboard and in the West? What were the results for immigrants in the Northeast, and for different ethnic and racial groups in the West?

5.ACROSS TIME AND PLACE During the Reconstruction years, Republican policymakers made sweeping policy decisions — especially having to do with land rights, voting rights, and education — that shaped the future of African Americans in the South and American Indians in the West. In an essay, compare U.S. policies toward the two groups. What assumptions and goals underlay each effort to incorporate racial minorities into the United States? To what extent did each effort succeed or fail, and why? How did the actions of powerful whites in each region shape the results?

6.VISUAL EVIDENCE Review the images in this chapter. Find two that show how Americans of the era thought the landscapes of the West ought to look when settlement was complete. Identify at least three others that show what the natural and built environments of the West really looked like. What do you conclude from this comparison about the ambitions and limits of westward expansion?

7.KEY TURNING POINTS: The military, political, and economic events of the Civil War years (1861–1865) are often treated as largely occurring in the Northeast and South — at places such as Shiloh, Gettysburg, and Washington, D.C. What impact did these developments have on the West, and what were their legacies?


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